What makes gum tissue healthy?

Pink, firm, stippled gum tissue completely filling spaces between the teeth.  It has probing depths generally no more than 3mm and is without bleeding or pain.


Healthy tissues should not be red, puffy, sensitive, or bleed.

How can you keep your gums healthy and prevent gingivitis?

  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes with fluoride toothpaste that contains an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredient. Brush with a soft-bristled toothbrush held at a 45° angle to the line where your teeth and gums meet. Move the brush in small circular movements along the gum line and chewing surfaces of your teeth. A power toothbrush may make brushing easier and more efficient.
  • Floss daily. Hold the floss tight. Gently bring it down between the teeth. Do not pop the floss against the gum. Curve the floss around the tooth and gently rub up and down. Adjust the floss so you use a fresh section for each tooth, including the back side of the last teeth. Alternate flossing methods are available for patients who have difficulty flossing or who cannot floss.
  • Rinse with an antiplaque, anti-gingivitis mouthwash that contains either cetylpyridinium chloride or essential oils. Listerine and Colgate Advance Proshield are popular brands of antiseptic rinses.
  • Visit your dentist or dental hygienist every 6 months. Your dental professional can get to areas in your mouth that you are not able to properly access at home even with good home care. This will help to clear unwanted bacteria and keep the tissue in its current healthy state.